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Autism Spectrum Disorders
Autism Spectrum Disorders commonly known as ASD's refers collectively to a group of three (3) disorders classified under the category of Pervasive Developmental Disorders in the DSMIV-R. They include:
- Autistic Disorder (classic Autism)
- Asperger's Syndrome
- Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)
These three conditions have similar characteristics in that they affect a child's behavior, social, and communication skills, but differ in the age of onset and severity of symptoms. Approximately 1 in 150 children are diagnosed with an ASD.
Applied Behavior Analysis
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the systematic application of scientifically proven behavioral concepts to increase socially significant behaviors in individuals. Applied Behavior Analysis is considered to be the most effective method of treatment for children diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in reaching their social, communication, and educational potential.
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the only specific method of instruction recommended by the New York State Department of Health for children diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder and is based on extensive analysis of scientific research that is empirically sound and externally valid.
In September 2009, the National Autism Center released its National Standards Report, indicating Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) to be the most comprehensive analysis of treatment for children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD's) ever published. Nearly 90% of the reported established treatments (treatments with high scientific merit scores and proven to be effective) came from behavioral literature, such as, the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis (JABA), Behavioral Psychology, and Positive Behavioral Support, thus providing further evidence of the importance of Applied Behavior Analysis services for children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD.